SANTIAGO, Chile (CNA/EWTN News) — Cardinal Giuseppe Versaldi, prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education, recently proposed five keys for pastoral education "to respond in depth to the current challenges of society."
The cardinal participated in Chile's Sixth National Congress on Catholic Education, Oct. 12-13, organized by the Chilean bishops' conference and the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile.
In his keynote address, Cardinal Versaldi explained that education "must be careful to avoid two extreme and opposite dangers: that of an educational program imposed on the student without respecting his autonomy and requirements; and an educational program that simply goes along with whatever the students ask for, or without any consideration for their personal growth."
The cardinal then proposed five keys for education in Catholic schools:
Proclamation of the Christian life
"The Catholic school has both the right and duty to not only teach in consistency with its own values, but also to have an inner dynamic of proclaiming and living the Christian life," Cardinal Versaldi said. "Such an educational program becomes, for believers in Christ, an opportunity for growth and the integration of faith and reason, and also for living out the life of the Church."
For non-believers, it is "an opportunity to better know the authentic Gospel message which their conscience has to then consider and which they're always free to accept or not," he said.
"It would be unjust to ask, in the name of tolerance, for Catholic schools to take a neutral approach in what they teach, and not to be able to foster a religious way of life, while still respecting people's freedom, since the students have decided to go to an institution they already know is Catholic."
The witness of charity
Cardinal Versaldi said a school community's witness must be "obviously noted for" its charity, which makes "the values conveyed through its teaching credible and attractive."
"A Christian school community imbued with this charity is in and of itself the best means of pastoral ministry."
Ongoing formation of teachers
The ongoing formation of professors in teaching methods and especially in "their spiritual growth and their truly living out their faith ... is not a waste of time or effort which takes way from their actual teaching," Cardinal Versaldi said.
Such formation can make both the faculty and the administration able to "credibly engage with and also to be a partner in dialogue with civil society and the state schools in order to create a Chilean society founded on the shared values of respect for cultural and religious diversity."
Working together with the Church
Cardinal Versaldi said the school's pastoral ministry must work side by side with the local Church and parishes so that they "mutually help each other out in their different roles" without "imposing on the school the responsibilities that mostly belong to the parish, or vice versa."
In addition, "it is important to foster a consistent witness, including that of their lives outside the classroom, such that the Church community would think the school a living example of her realities."
Providence as a guide
"Schools need to deepen their knowledge of what's going on in society in both its positive and negative aspects, discerning the signs of the times, animated not by a paralyzing pessimism, but rather with Christian hope founded on the faith that human history is always guided by Divine Providence despite people's free will," the cardinal stated.
"It is important to maintain this faith, and translate it into the work of education, as an overriding way of acting in order to become protagonists in a true renewal of the social scene, without letting oneself be manipulated by the various political factions."
"Thus, the Catholic school will always be on the forefront of dealing with the new challenges that the world must face, such as care for the environment and immigration that politics, in general, tends to discount, marginalizing more people and creating dangers for future generations," Cardinal Versaldi concluded.